Mental Focus & Clarity

ghrelin in brain diseases

The neurological effects of ghrelin in brain diseases: Beyond metabolic functions Highlights of this study from Qingdao University Ghrelin is attracted more attention for its neuroprotective and neurogenesis roles. Ghrelin modulates numerous neuronal behaviors in pathological conditions. Ghrelin promotes neurogenesis through stimulating neural stem/progenitor cells proliferation, differentiation and migration. Ghrelin regulates synaptic plasticity and electrophysiological activity which may influence…

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Effects of Hydrogen Water on Depression

hydrogen water & depression

Effects of hydrogen-rich water on depressive-like behavior in mice Abstract Emerging evidence suggests that neuroinflammation and oxidative stress may be major contributors to major depressive disorder (MDD). Patients or animal models of depression show significant increase of proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and oxidative stress biomarkers in the periphery or central nervous system (CNS). Recent studies show that hydrogen selectively…

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Hydrogen Water & Aging Effects of the Skin

hydrogen wter bathing

Hydrogen-rich electrolyzed warm water represses wrinkle formation against UVA ray together with type-I collagen production and oxidative-stress diminishment in fibroblasts and cell-injury prevention in keratinocytes ABSTRACT Hydrogen-rich electrolyzed warm water (HW) was prepared at 41ºC and exhibited dissolved hydrogen (DH) of 1.13 ppm and an oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) of -741 mV in contrast to below 0.01 ppm and +184…

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Hydrogen Acts as a Therapeutic Antioxidant

hydrogen

Hydrogen acts as a therapeutic antioxidant by selectively reducing cytotoxic oxygen radicals Oxidative stress arises from the strong cellular oxidizing potential of excess reactive oxygen species (ROS), or free radicals. Mostofthesuperoxide anion radical (O2) produced is generated in mitochondria by electron leakage from the electron transport chain and the Krebs cycle. O2 is also produced by metabolic oxidases, including…

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Hydrogen Water & Muscle Fatigue

hydrogen-water-study

Pilot study: Effects of drinking hydrogen-rich water on muscle fatigue caused by acute exercise in elite athletes Abstract Background: Muscle contraction during short intervals of intense exercise causes oxidative stress, which can play a role in the development of overtraining symptoms, including increased fatigue, resulting in muscle microinjury or inflammation. Recently it has been said that hydrogen can function…

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Hydrogen Water Stimulates the Growth of Anaerobic Microflora

Anaerobic-Microflora Hydrogen water

ABSTRACT* Selective stimulation of the growth of anaerobic microflora in the human intestinal tract by electrolyzed reducing water (hydrogen water). Department of Physiology of Microorganisms, Biology Faculty, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119992 Moscow, Russia. Vorobjeva NV, Med Hypotheses. 2005;64(3):543 -6. 96-99% of the “friendly” or residential microflora of intestinal tract of humans consists of strict anaerobes and only 1-4%…

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Molecular Hydrogen ATP & Energy

A new insight into the molecular hydrogen effect on coenzyme Q and mitochondrial function of rats Abstract Mitochondria are the major source of cellular energy metabolism. In the cardiac cells, mitochondria produce by way of the oxidative phosphorylation more than 90% of the energy supply in the form of ATP, which is utilized in many ATP-dependent processes, like cycling…

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What is Glycocalyx?

what is glycocalyx?

(image credit: van den Berg, Vink & Spaan, Circulation Research 2003, 92:592-594) Glycocalyx is the gel-like lining of the capillaries and all other blood vessels. Its integrity is essential to the healthy function of all cells, organs and body systems. This lining protects the inside walls of the capillaries and enables the transfer of nutrients and waste removal from…

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Glycocalyx: Function & Definition

glycocalyx-function

The Function of Glycocalyx in Blood Vessels and Capillaries Glycocalyx serves as the mediator for cell-to-cell interactions and protects the cell membrane from fluid shearing forces allowing the cell membrane to maintain its integrity. Glycocalyx is a highly hydrated fibrous meshwork within blood vessels and capillaries that covers the endothelial cells. This layer functions as a barrier between a…

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Endothelial Glycocalyx & Declining Health

healthy-glycocalyx

Endothelial glycocalyx has been shown to be an integral part of the microvascular system. Without a healthy glycocalyx layer inside the blood vessels and capillaries systems that are required for good health may not function correctly. You may look and feel healthy, but your microvascular system could be in a much different state. Organ starvation is one reason that…

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