What is Glycocalyx?
(image credit: van den Berg, Vink & Spaan, Circulation Research 2003, 92:592-594) Glycocalyx is the gel-like lining of the capillaries and all other blood vessels. Its integrity is essential to the healthy function of all cells, organs and body systems. This lining protects the inside walls of the capillaries and enables the transfer of nutrients and waste removal from vital organs. The gel-like substance that is glycocalyx is a free form matrix made up of starches, fluid, ions, and other stuff. An example of a free form matrix familiar to most people is gelatin desserts which are made of starch